|The tp_smapi kernel module exposes some features of the ThinkPad's SMAPI functionality via a sysfs interface. Currently, the implemented functionality is control of battery charging, extended battery status and control of CD/DVD speed (disabled by default).
For old ThinkPad models, see also tpctl.
- Battery charge/discharge control
- Battery status information
- Optical drive speed control (disabled by default)
Project Homepage / Availability
Installation from source
You will need the kernel headers and makefiles corresponding to your current kernel version. On Fedora, this means
# yum install kernel-devel-$(uname -r) .
For testing, you can simply compile and load the driver within the current working directory:
# tar xzvf tp_smapi-0.19.tgz
# cd tp_smapi-0.19
# make load
To compile and install into the kernel's module path:
# make install
If you use the HDAPS driver, add HDAPS=1 to also patch the hdaps for compatibility with tp_smapi (this requires a kernel source tree matching the current kernel):
# make load HDAPS=1
or, to compile and install into the kernel's module path:
# make install HDAPS=1
To prepare a stand-alone patch against the current kernel tree (including a compatibility fixes to hdaps and Kconfig entries):
# make patch
To delete all autogenerated files:
# make clean
The original kernel tree is never modified by any these commands.
The /lib/modules directory is modified only by
# make install.
Installation in Gentoo
# emerge tp_smapi
# modprobe tp_smapi
If you use the HDAPS driver, install using
# USE="hdaps" emerge tp_smapi
and, before loading as above, run
# rmmod hdaps or reboot to unload the old (unpatched) hdaps kernel module.
1.) Use HDAPS driver as module in your kernel
2.) add hdaps use flag in /etc/make.conf
# emerge tp_smapi or install tp_smapi with hdaps support manual (see above)
# echo "tp_smapi" >> /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6
# echo "hdaps" >> /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6
Installation on Debian/Ubuntu
deb http://www.oakcourt.dyndns.org/debian/ ./ deb-src http://www.oakcourt.dyndns.org/debian/ ./
This repository has kernel-patch packages for tp_smapi. This will not only integrate tp_smapi into your kernel build but will patch the hdaps driver for you. It is available for kernel 2.6.15 and later. Also available is an init script to automatically set SMAPI paramaters at boot--this is in package tpsmapi-utils. Please report any bugs to User:Ajbarr
Battery charge control features
To set the thresholds for starting and stopping battery charging (in percent of current full charge capacity):
# echo 40 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/start_charge_thresh
# echo 70 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/stop_charge_thresh
# cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/*_charge_thresh
To unconditionally inhibit charging for 17 minutes:
# echo 17 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/inhibit_charge_minutes
To cancel charge inhibiting:
# echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/inhibit_charge_minutes
To force battery discharging even if connected to AC, use one of these:
# echo 1 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/force_discharge
To cancel forced discharge:
# echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/force_discharge
Battery status features
To view extended battery status such as charging state, voltage, current, capacity, cycle count and model information:
# cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/installed # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/state # idle/charging/discharging # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/cycle_count # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/current_now # instantaneous current # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/current_avg # last minute average # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_now # instantaneous power # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/power_avg # last minute average # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/last_full_capacity # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/remaining_capacity # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/design_capacity # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/voltage # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/design_voltage # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/manufacturer # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/model # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/barcoding # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/chemistry # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/serial # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/manufacture_date # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/first_use_date # cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/ac_connected
The raw status data is also available, including some fields not listed above (in case you can figure them out):
# cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/BAT0/dump
In all of the above, replace BAT0 with BAT1 to address the 2nd battery.
On ACPI-enabled systems, most of above information is also available through the files under /proc/acpi/battery. However, the ACPI interface does not include the instantaneous power and cycle count readouts, and does not work well when hotswapping UltraBay batteries.
Optical drive control features
To control the speed of the optical drive:
# echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/cd_speed # slow
# echo 1 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/cd_speed # medium
# echo 2 > /sys/devices/platform/smapi/cd_speed # fast
# cat /sys/devices/platform/smapi/cd_speed
Enabling this feature
Changing the drive speed when a disc is being accessed will hang your computer. This feature is thus disabled by default, but can be enabled using by adding #define PROVIDE_CD_SPEED at the top of tp_smapi.c. The safe way to set the drive speed is using hdparm -E num or eject -x num for CD-ROM, and speedcontrol -x num (sourcecode here) for DVD. For kernels older than 2.6.15, this may require the libata pass-through patch.
Features not yet implemented
Other things that can be controlled through SMAPI, but are not supported in this version of the driver, include PCI bus power saving, CPU power saving control and fan control (the latter is available through an alternative method). See the included README file for more information.
Conflict with hdaps
The extended battery status function conflicts with the hdaps kernel module (they use the same IO ports).
The tp_smapi package includes a patch against hdaps to make it compatible with tp_smapi. To build the patched version, append the HDAPS=1 parameter to the make command, for example:
# make load HDAPS=1 (see Installation above).
If you don't do that, you will not be able tp load tp_smapi (and its support module tp_base) when hdaps is loaded, and vice versa. You can use rmmod to switch between these modules.
Note that some of the battery status is also visible through ACPI (/proc/acpi/battery/*), independently of tp_smapi.
|force_discharge||battery status files|| cd_speed
(see note above)
|R31||no||no||no||no||no||no||No SMAPI BIOS|
|X40||yes||yes||yes||unknown||yes||unknown||BIOS v2.03, EC v1.60|
Please update the above and report your experience on the discussion page. If the module loads but gives a "not supported" or "not implementeded" when you try to use some specific file in /sys/devices/platform/smapi/, please report the dmesg output and whether the corresponding functionality is available under Windows - maybe your ThinkPad just can't do that.
Tools using this driver
The driver's interface can be accessed directly through the files under /sys/devices/platform/smapi, or via the following tools: