Installing Ubuntu on a ThinkPad X31
- 1 Preface
- 2 Installing without cdrom or floppy
- 3 Enabling the Access IBM Button and on-screen display for volume buttons
- 4 Choosing between APM and ACPI for power management
- 5 Installing Ubuntu 10.04 on a Thinkpad X31
- 6 Installing Ubuntu 16.04 on a Thinkpad X31
- 7 External Sources
The content of this page was originally geared toward Hoary (Ubuntu 5.04), but nearly everything here applies just as well to the Warty (4.10) and Breezy (5.10) releases.
See Henrik Brix Andersens page for a lot of useful background information.
Installing without cdrom or floppy
Install the tpb package (use Synaptic or $sudo apt-get install tpb), then use the Users and Groups Administration tool to add your user account to the 'nvram' group. Now see Access IBM Button for configuration details.
Choosing between APM and ACPI for power management
I tested both, APM and ACPI but settled with ACPI which now works like a charm.
Since Ubuntu Dapper (6.06LTS) ACPI works out of the box, either in Standby Mode or Suspend to Disk Mode. ACPI will make your system use about 10% less power than with apm, which reduces my battery runtime from ~4:00h to 3:40h.
Please read "How to make use of Power Management features" for more in depth information.
Unfortunately, if ACPI is used, hibernate and standby modes might not work with a CompactFlash card inserted. Read the X31 Talk Page for further info.
Disabling ACPI and using APM
Simply disabling ACPI at boottime activates APM which works fine with suspend to ram and suspend to disk.
To disable ACPI boot your kernel with acpi=off
...describe how to edit /boot/grub/menu.lst...
APM based suspend to disk needs a save2disk.img hibernation file on FAT16. Use the tphdisk utility to create this file.
Useto suspend-to-ram and to suspend-to-disk.
Get ubuntulinux, radeontool and this script (which goes in /etc/acpi), nothing more!
$ cat lid.sh
#!/bin/sh . /usr/share/acpi-support/power-funcs getXuser; grep -q closed /proc/acpi/button/lid/*/state if [ $? = 0 ] then . /usr/share/acpi-support/screenblank echo `fgconsole` > $LIDSTATE chvt 12 # Unmount any NFS or SMB filesystems: echo "unmounting NFS and SMB filesystems" umount -a -r -t nfs,smbfs # remove modules echo "remove modules" #rmmod ipw2100 ## WLAN rmmod ehci-hcd ## USB module rmmod uhci-hcd ## -||- # update the disk super block echo "sync" sync # wait a second sleep 1 # turn the LCD off echo "backlight off" radeontool light off # suspend to ram echo "suspend to ram" echo -n mem > /sys/power/state # load modules modprobe ehci-hcd modprobe uhci-hcd # turn the LCD on echo "turn the LCD on" radeontool light on # go back to VT7 (X) echo "back to VT7" chvt 7 else grep -q off-line /proc/acpi/ac_adapter/*/state #if [ $? = 1 ] #then #su - $user -c "xscreensaver-command -unthrottle" #fi chvt `cat $LIDSTATE` fi
Installing Ubuntu 10.04 on a Thinkpad X31
Ubuntu 10.04 out of the box has suspend/hibernate/resume failures and hard lockups. Fortunately, they can all be solved. For the suspend/hibernate problems, modify /etc/default/grub, add 'nomodeset' to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT. For networking problems with atheros, download a snapshot from wireless.kernel.org/download/compat-wireless-2.6, build and install it. For the problem with hard lockups, follow the steps on the ubuntu site for building a custom kernel. Set processor type to 'PENTIUM-M' and disable SMP.
Installing Ubuntu 16.04 on a Thinkpad X31
To be able to install and boot Ubuntu 16.04, add forcepae to the boot options.
As with Ubuntu 10.04, resuming from standby will fail. Add nomodeset to the boot options to solve this. To do so permanently, open /etc/default/grub and modify GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX:
With nomodeset, Ubuntu will now resume from standby properly. However, it will not turn off the display's backlight when it goes into standby. To solve this, install radeontool from the official PPA and hook two services into systemd:
[Unit] Description=Turn off the backlight Before=sleep.target [Service] Type=simple ExecStart=/usr/sbin/radeontool light off [Install] WantedBy=sleep.target
[Unit] Description=Turn on the backlight After=suspend.target [Service] Type=simple ExecStart=/usr/sbin/radeontool light on [Install] WantedBy=suspend.target
Enable both services with:
systemctl enable backlight-suspend.service systemctl enable backlight-resume.service
- This guide is listed at the TuxMobil Linux laptop and notebook installation survey (IBM/Lenovo).