Xorg RandR 1.2
This page will cover use of Xorg 7.3 with RandR version 1.2 based on testing the forthcoming Ubuntu 'Gutsy' (7.10) release with a Thinkpad R60e (Intel 946GM graphics chip). As the release stabilises so should this page transform from a lab notebook to a fully written-up howto.
X RandR is used to set the size, orientation and reflection of the screen display outputs.
xrandr is the command line interface to the RandR X extension. As usual with X good documentation is hard to find, to start somewhere try
$ xrandr --help
$ man xrandr
$ man intel
Start testing with a default configuration. Connect the external display to the VGA port, turn on that display, boot and run (as root)
# dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg
The resulting /etc/X11/xorg.conf should include something like
Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller" Driver "intel" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Generic Monitor" Option "DPMS" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Default Screen" Device "Intel Corporation Mobile 945GM/GMS, 943/940GML Express Integrated Graphics Controller" Monitor "Generic Monitor" DefaultDepth 24 ... SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1600x1200" "1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480" EndSubSection EndSection Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Default Layout" Screen "Default Screen" InputDevice "Generic Keyboard" InputDevice "Configured Mouse" InputDevice "stylus" "SendCoreEvents" InputDevice "cursor" "SendCoreEvents" InputDevice "eraser" "SendCoreEvents" InputDevice "Synaptics Touchpad" EndSection
after creating a clean Xorg.conf restart X and logon
You will probably find you have a display only on the external VGA screen at its default max resolution.
Open a terminal window to use the command line: 'Applications:Accessories:Terminal'
$ xrandr --help
$ man xrandr
To query what we have
$ xrandr -v
Server reports RandR version 1.2
$ xrandr -q
Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 1024 x 768, maximum 1600 x 1600 VGA connected (normal left inverted right) 1600x1200 60.0 + 59.9 1280x1024 75.0 59.9 1152x864 74.8 1024x768 75.1 60.0 800x600 75.0 60.3 640x480 75.0 60.0 720x400 70.1 LVDS connected 1024x768+0+0 (normal left inverted right) 304mm x 228mm 1024x768 60.0*+ 50.0 800x600 60.3 640x480 60.0 59.9 TV disconnected (normal left inverted right)
$ xrandr -v
tells us more
$ xrandr --output LVDS --auto
gets two screens but both at 1600x1200 cloned
$ xrandr --output LVDS --mode 1024x768 --output VGA --off
gets laptop only at 1024x768
$ xrandr --output VGA --right-of LVDS --mode 1600x1200
xrandr: screen cannot be larger than 1600x1600 (desired size 2624x1200)
$ xrandr --output VGA --mode 1600x1200 --pos 0x400
creates two screens with the laptop screen at bottom of the 1600x1600 window
$ xrandr --output LVDS --mode 1024x768 --pos 0x400
moves laptop screen to top of window, so both share same top line (which is where I prefer my menu bar)
So, the story so far
2007-07-25: xrandr enables dynamic resizing of screens, switching both external and laptop screens on and off, and the applications windows can be dragged from one screen to the other. None of this requires configuring anything special for /etc/X11/xorg.conf. Downside: the virtual screen is not big enough at at 1600x1600 to permit a 1024x768 laptop and a 1600x1200 external monitor screen to be used in a non-overlapped arrangement, something that is possible doing it the old way.
Reboot with VGA disconnected, 1024x768 ok but connecting Dell 1600FP does not detect modes above 1024x768, is this just a problem with this monitor? logoff, gdm now shows clone screen at 1600x1200. logon now only 1600x1200 on VGA and LVDS is off.
2007-08-19: Add a Virtual xdim ydim to your Subsection Display, Depth 24 section just below the Modes line. Choose xdim and ydim so that the lagest non-overlapping configuration you wish to use fits. In my case this is: 1024x768 (LVDS) + 1280x1024 (VGA) => Virtual 2304 1024.
Restart X and run xrandr --output VGA --mode 1280x1024 --left-of LVDS.
Version 7.10 (Gutsy) of Ubuntu includes support for Xorg 7.3 with RandR 1.2 Xorg 7.3
For versions of Ubuntu prior to 7.10 see Installing Ubuntu on a ThinkPad R60e for an Xorg.conf suitable for use with more than one screen
Useful page to supplement the minimal documentation How video cards work