UEFI Firmware

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Revision as of 10:19, 1 June 2011 by Kevmitch (Talk | contribs) (Enabling UEFI boot in Debian)
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UEFI Firmware

UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is a modernized replacement to BIOS (Basic Input/Output System). The specification is maintained by the collaborative non-profit UEFI Forum. UEFI is supported by both recent versions of both Linux and Windows. UEFI firmware with legacy BIOS support has started appearing on Sandybrige (220,420,520,etc.) Thinkpads. On supported machines, the firmware configuration utility (Thinkvantage->F1 on machine starup) has the option of enabling one or both UEFI/BIOS as well as providing the option to specify the order with which the machine tries to boot.

Current Status

Though the specification has been around since the late '90s, UEFI only recently started appearing on commodity hardware. Macs are a slight exception, though they do not strictly adhere to the UEFI standard. Linux can boot as usual in BIOS mode, however the ELILO boot loader or recent versions of Grub 2 are necessary to boot in UEFI mode. Linux 3.0-rc1 is reported to successfully boot in UEFI mode (details below), but older versions hang after the kernel gets loaded by grub.

Enabling UEFI boot in Debian

The following are steps to successfully boot in pure UEFI mode ("UEFI only" startup config menu). There are likely some that are redundant or unnecessary.

  1. Install 64-bit Debian in BIOS mode to an MBR partitioned disk.
  3. Create a small ~ 200MB Partition formatted to fat32 and enable the "boot" flag. The first partition is likely a good choice, but may not be strictly required. The "boot" flag is also likely superstitious.
  4. Burn some form of live cd that allows you access your Debian install in case something goes wrong and you are unable to boot.
  5. Install the efi version of grub
    aptitude install grub-efi-amd64
  6. This should install efi-grub into /boot/grub, but to be safe run
    sudo grub-install /dev/sda
  7. Mount the fat32 partition (a good place is /boot/efi
    sudo mkdir /boot/efi
    sudo mount /dev/sda1 /boot/efi
  8. Create the directories structure /boot/efi/efi/boot
    mkdir -p /boot/efi/efi/boot
  9. Copy the grub.efi executabe into the efi partition
    cp /boot/grub/grub.efi /boot/efi/efi/boot/bootx64.efi
  10. Reboot, enter the Thinkvantage menu and set "UEFI only" or "UEFI First". Hopefully you still get a grub menu and it will actually boot the 3.0 kernel.