Installing OpenSUSE 10.0 on a ThinkPad X41
OpenSUSE uses a patched 2.6.13 kernel, and most of the things described here should also work on other distros if you're prepared to roll your own kernel, but the amount of integration the SUSE folks did (nice GUI tools, YaST configurator) is what makes it so painless and fun.
- 1 Installation
- 2 The following things Just Work(tm):
- 3 These things work, but require extra configuration
- 4 The following things don't work yet:
- 5 Oddities:
- 6 Open Issues:
- 7 see also
- 8 External Sources
You might want to shrink the existing Windows partition in case you would later want to revert back to Windows in order to find out about hardware peculiarities and maybe get firmware installed, but since things just work under OpenSUSE 10.0, you might as well nuke it.
During the SUSE installation process, be sure to check "Mobile Computing" in addition to your usual choice of packages.
The following things Just Work(tm):
- suspend to disk
- suspend to RAM works with the current (Feb. 2006) SuSE kernel updates
- mute, volume up and down buttons (but that's probably a hardware thing since it does not affect the ALSA mixer)
- switches on the light (again, probably done in hardware)
- acpid gets events from the lid, power button and to , some of which you can assign to suspend, poweroff etc. in the yast power management configurator
- Battery and AC status
- Bluetooth enable/disable via
- Bluetooth modem (tested with UMTS cell phone Sony Ericsson K600i)
- Audio playback/recording.
- 3D graphics acceleration (enabled via YaST->Graphics Card and Monitor). Works, but causes the fan to stay on almost all the time, although at low rpm.
- External VGA works in Clone mode after activating Dual Head support in YaST. For some reason, Xinerama didn't work so far, it stays greyed out. The external VGA on/off button does not do anything.
- UltraBase X4 docking station (UltraBay Slim drive not tested)
These things work, but require extra configuration
Numlock and Browse keys
To get numlock and browse keys to work, please add the following lines to $HOME/.Xmodmap:
keycode 77 = Num_Lock keycode 233 = XF86Forward keycode 234 = XF86Back
Getting suspend-to-RAM to work...
Good news - it works in principle:
- I checked it only on Ubuntu Breezy Badger, but it seems, that if you compile kernel 2.6.15 with SATA suspend patch http://linux.spiney.org/system/files?file=02_libata_passthru.fixed.patch and also add patch ata_idle_wait after Andrew Morton's advice at http://lkml.org/lkml/2005/11/16/403, then you should have working suspend-to-RAM.
- You may also want to use 2.6.15 because it has a driver to Harddisk Protection System built-in.
- The first patch fixes problem with screen not being switched on, the second fixes cryptic error message: "ata: abnormal status 0x80 on port 0x1F7".
Suspend-to-RAM on OpenSUSE
Currently suspend-to-RAM will not work with the stock SUSE kernel. It can be made to work with a custom kernel package provided by Jan Engelhardt of alphagate.hopto.org. You can download the RPM here.
Before you enable suspend-to-RAM, be sure to add the kernel parameter
to your /boot/grub/menu.lst, otherwise your screen will stay blank when the system resumes.
Then drop it into the directory where the hotplug firmware loader is expecting it (may be different on other distros):
# cd /lib/firmware
# tar xvzf /where/you/downloaded/ipw2200-fw-2.4.tar.gz
Now that the firmware is in place, the interface should work the next time you boot (or reload the module).
Getting Dual head Xinerama to work on X41
On Ubuntu, you can use advice from http://eko.one.pl/index.php?page=Xinerama to configure two devices and two screens and omit Option "Xinerama" "On" line to get xinerama working on X.org 6.8.
Question: Did anyone get 1280x1024 on external flat panel and 1024x768 on internal monitor on the same desktop with DRI? I happen to succeed with Xinerama, but not with cloning.
Switching the WLAN radio
There is no pre-defined function key to switch the WLAN radio transmitter on and off during runtime (unlike Bluetooth, which uses).
The following things don't work yet:
- Dual Head in Xinerama mode.
- In order to get into the BIOS, you can either hit Access IBM Button, and then choose "BIOS" in IBM's pre-boot environment. There is no message on bootup about the option, but it works. or press the weird blue
- Try manual X11 config to enable Xinerama.
- Try making use of the special keys.
- Try to understand TrackPoint configuration.
Additional hints about OpenSuSE 10 (although on different hardware) can be found here: Installing SUSE 10 on a ThinkPad TransNote
- This guide is listed at the TuxMobil Linux laptop and notebook installation survey (IBM/Lenovo).