How to configure the TrackPoint

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The kernel trackpoint driver is controlled by echoing values to special files. Common configuration options are outlined below.
NOTE!
  • Starting from 2.6.13 config files for this driver are located in /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2. (This document uses the new locations.)
  • From 2.6.11 on, they are in /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0.
  • Prior to kernel 2.6.11, these files were located in /proc/trackpoint.
  • Prior to kernel 2.6.9, these files were not files at all, but were command-line options to the psmouse module. (Note this means you must compile psmouse as a module!) See http://stephen.evanchik.com/node/16.
  • In Kernel 2.6.19 we have to use /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio1 instead of serio0!!!

General Configuration

The configuration options are reflected by the files you can find in /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2. See the TrackPoint driver page for a complete list. Configuration is done by echoing the appropriate values into these special files.

Most common Features

The most common settings are Press to Select, sensitivity, speed and scrolling.

Press to Select

Press to Select allows you to tap the control stick which will simulate a left click. You can enable this feature by typing the following in to a terminal (you may need to be root):

# echo -n 1 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/press_to_select

Press to Select should now be enabled. You can disable it in a similar manner:

# echo -n 0 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/press_to_select

You can use this script to automate the operation

       #!/bin/bash
       if [ "$1" = "1" ]; then
               echo "Turning on tap on TrackPoint"
               echo -n 1 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/press_to_select
               exit 0
       fi
       if [ "$1" = "0" ]; then
               echo "Turning off tap on TrackPoint"
               echo -n 0 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/press_to_select
               exit 0
       fi
       echo -n "Tap status: "
       cat /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/press_to_select

Sensitivity & Speed

Adjusting the speed and sensitivity of the TrackPoint requires echoing a value between 0 and 255 into the appropriate file. For example, for a speed of 120 and a sensitivity of 250, type the following into a terminal:

# echo -n 120 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2/speed
# echo -n 250 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2/sensitivity

Feel free to experiment with your settings until you find a combination that is comfortable.

When you satisfy your setting , add the two lines into /etc/rc.d/rc.local in order to avoid restoring the default setting every time the system reboots.

Scrolling

Using a kernel prior to 2.6.11

The scrolling action is essentially the same as is used in the TrackPoint Windows drivers. To enable this feature, type the following in to a terminal (you may need to be root):

# echo -n 1 > /proc/trackpoint/scroll

Then press the middle button and push the stick up and down to scroll. Similarly, to disable scrolling:

# echo -n 0 > /proc/trackpoint/scroll

Using the X server (kernel 2.6.11+)

The scroll setting has been removed from the trackpoint driver in kernel versions 2.6.11 and above. Scroll emulation should now be handled in the X server.

A nice side effect of that is, that middle button scrolling applies to any mouse and not just the TrackPoint interface, which can be a quite handy feature for desktop computers or people who prefer to use an external mouse, especially when scrolling through long lists or needing to use horizontal scrolling with a mouse which has only a vertical scroll wheel.

The necessary functionality, known as "EmulateWheelTimeout" allowing to use button 2 for a middle click, wasn't implemented in Xorg prior to 6.9/7.0. However, there was a patch included in most distributions packages of Xorg, which was announced here. You can find an updated version of the package in the experimental branch of Debian or try to build the mouse driver yourself with the information in the announcement. This has successfully been tried with FC3's 6.8.2 packages.

Once this functionality is in the X.org, add these lines to your TrackPoint configuration section in /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

       Option          "EmulateWheel"          "on"
       Option          "EmulateWheelButton"    "2"

It may also be necessary to add these lines:

       Option "YAxisMapping" "4 5"
       Option "XAxisMapping" "6 7"

which specify which buttons are mapped to motion in the vertical (Y) and horizontal (X) directions, respectively, in wheel emulation mode (see http://www.xfree86.org/current/mouse.4.html).

Hint:
Use the program "xev" to see, what mouse button identifiers are sent by your mouse/touchpad/trackpoint.


So, a complete mouse section, that implements this nicely and works very well on my R51, even with a simultaneously connected USB mouse, looks like that (tried out today, 20th of September, 2006 on Dapper):

 Section "InputDevice"
       Identifier  "Configured Mouse"
       Driver      "mouse"
       Option      "CorePointer"
       Option      "Device"              "/dev/input/mice"
       Option      "Protocol"            "ExplorerPS/2"
       Option      "Emulate3Buttons"     "on"
       Option      "Emulate3TimeOut"     "50"
       Option      "EmulateWheel"        "on"
       Option      "EmulateWheelTimeOut" "200"
       Option      "EmulateWheelButton"  "2"
       Option      "YAxisMapping"        "4 5"
       Option      "XAxisMapping"        "6 7"
       Option      "ZAxisMapping"        "4 5"
 EndSection

I don't really understand at the moment why it works with the same mappings for X and Z, but I thought you got to know! :)

Now restart X and hold down button 2 and move the mouse to scroll, or just press and release button 2 for a middle click.

NOTE!
With the above mouse section in my xorg.conf all this works like a charm:
  • I can press the wheel on my external USB mouse and move the mouse up and down for scrolling
  • or I can just use the wheel on the external mouse for scrolling
  • or pressing the MMB button of the trackpoint and use the trackpoint for scrolling.
  • Even horizontal scrolling works automagically in Konqueror, for Firefox/Opera see below.

Simultaneously I can use

  • a press on the external mouse's wheel
  • or the MMB of the trackpoint
for pasting the buffer. Lovely! :)
Hint:
If you don't use the middle-mouse-button for pasting and sometimes pasting things by mistake while scrolling (witch is really odd) simply set the "EmulateWheelTimeOut" to "1" as a (bloody) workaround. Middle click will only possible with pressing left and right button simultaneously!


EmulateWheelTimeout temporarily broken (-> fix for Ubuntu Dapper)

Unfortunately, there was a regression so that EmulateWheelTimeout was broken in X.org 6.9.0, and fixed on March 20th, 2006. You can see the primary bug report here, and also reports on the Mandriva and Debian (#346098, #320136) packages.

Unfortunately, this bug is still present in Ubuntu Dapper Drake's xserver-xorg-input-mouse package (version 1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109-0ubuntu1)!

Hint:
xserver-xorg-input-mouse (version 1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109-0ubuntu1.1) is in dapper-updates since July 3rd, 2006. You don't need to patch it anymore.

Use the following procedure to make it (middle button scrolling & middle button pasting) work:

$ cd /desired/path && mkdir tmp && cd tmp (create temporary directory somewhere)
$ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list (insert/uncomment the deb-src lines, save and exit)
$ sudo apt-get update
$ apt-get source xserver-xorg-input-mice (in order to get the source code)
$ sudo aptitude install xserver-xorg-dev (this package and the packages it depends on are needed in order to compile the source code, use aptitude for easy removal later on)
$ cd xserver-xorg-input-mouse-1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109/
$ wget http://librarian.launchpad.net/2639933/xserver-xorg-input-mouse_1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109-0ubuntu2.debdiff (downloads the patch that fixes the bug)
$ patch -p1 < xserver-xorg-input-mouse_1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109-0ubuntu2.debdiff (applies the bug fix)
$ fakeroot dpkg-buildpackage (rebuilds the package... watch out for errors and install other missing packages)
$ sudo dpkg -i ../xserver-xorg-input-mouse_1.0.3.1+cvs.20060109-0ubuntu2_i386.deb (installs the rebuilt built package)
$ sudo aptitude remove xserver-xorg-dev (removes the packages needed to rebuild the package)

Hope it works for you, it did work for me! CrypTom

Older versions of X.org

For older versions of Xorg or for Xfree86 (/etc/X11/XF86Config) try this:

      Option          "Emulate3Buttons"       "true"
      Option          "EmulateWheel"          "true"
      Option          "EmulateWheelButton"    "2"

Now restart X and hold down button two and move the mouse for scrolling. To get a middle click, press buttons 1 and 3 simultaneously.

Soft Transparent Mode

If you wish to connect a special device to the external PS/2 port, you should consider using "Soft Transparent Mode" so that the TrackPoint controller does not interpret any commands sent to the external PS/2 port. You can enable soft transparent mode by typing the following in to a terminal:

# echo -n 1 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2/transparent

Disabling soft transparent mode is similar:

# echo -n 0 > /sys/devices/platform/i8042/serio0/serio2/transparent

Modify trackpoint parameter permanently in trackpoint.h

If you do not want to run a script to reconfigure the trackpoint you can change the default settings in the trackpoint header file that is located in

/usr/src/<KERNEL_VERSION>/drivers/input/mouse/trackpoint.h.

First you must convert the values (decimal numbers) you normaly echo to /sys/[...] to hex:

echo -e 'obase=16;<DECIMAL_NUMBER>' | bc

Then simply replace the default hex values in trackpoint.h, run 'make && make modules_install' to recompile and install psmouse.ko (should be compiled as module)


Example patch (speed=100, sensitivity=190, press_to_select=1):

 --- trackpoint.h.orig   2006-01-17 16:18:30.000000000 +0100
+++ trackpoint.h        2006-01-17 16:25:47.000000000 +0100
@@ -108,9 +108,9 @@
 /*
  * Default power on values
  */
-#define TP_DEF_SENS            0x80
+#define TP_DEF_SENS            0xBE
 #define TP_DEF_INERTIA         0x06
-#define TP_DEF_SPEED           0x61
+#define TP_DEF_SPEED           0x64
 #define TP_DEF_REACH           0x0A

 #define TP_DEF_DRAGHYS         0xFF
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@

 /* Toggles */
 #define TP_DEF_MB              0x00
-#define TP_DEF_PTSON           0x00
+#define TP_DEF_PTSON           0x01
 #define TP_DEF_SKIPBACK                0x00
 #define TP_DEF_EXT_DEV         0x01

Configure firefox for using trackpoint horizontal scrolling

Vertical Scrolling seems to work out of the box in firefox if you followed the steps above. Anyway, there is a problem when you doesnt scroll exactly vertical, because horizontal scrolling turns into browser BACK/FORWARD commands. You can avoid this by typing about:config + ENTER in the address bar of firefox. You have to adjust the following options:

mousewheel.horizscroll.withcontrolkey.action = 3;
mousewheel.horizscroll.withcontrolkey.numlines = 1; 
mousewheel.horizscroll.withcontrolkey.sysnumlines = true;

mousewheel.horizscroll.withnokey.action = 0;
mousewheel.horizscroll.withnokey.numlines = 1;
mousewheel.horizscroll.withnokey.sysnumlines = true;

mousewheel.horizscroll.withshiftkey.action = 1;
mousewheel.horizscroll.withshiftkey.numlines = 1;
mousewheel.horizscroll.withshiftkey.sysnumlines = true;

Configure Opera for using trackpoint horizontal scrolling

You'll experience the same annoying problem with the popular browser Opera. To fix this you need to edit the configfile standard_mouse.ini in e.g. /usr/share/opera/ini/ (Debian) or /opt/opera/share/opera/ini/ (Gentoo) and comment out the following lines

Button6                                                        = Back
Button7                                                        = Forward

so they look like that

;Button6                                                        = Back
;Button7                                                        = Forward

Remember, Button6 and Button7 do not so coincidental correspond with our X configuration we know from above:

Option "YAxisMapping" "6 7"

After this change you will be able to scroll vertically and horizontally with your middle button.




[l_sp_19]


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