Installing Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn) on an X61 Tablet
You can get Linux running pretty smoothly on this machine. I will simply repeat the steps I used to get my tablet working, some of these steps might be superfluous. Please edit, if some of the steps are unneccessary. I expect Gutsy Gibbon installs to be much smoother, when the system comes out in October...
- 1 Helpful Guides
- 2 Feisty v. Gutsy
- 3 Known Problems
- 4 Actual installation
- 5 Graphics Card
- 6 Solving the Weird Resolution Problems
- 7 Installing compiz fusion
- 8 Wireless
- 9 Wacom
- 10 Tablet-Specific Applications
- 11 Sound
- 12 Keyboard and Buttons
- 13 Suspend and Hibernate
- 14 Other x61 install guides on the web
A helpful guide for me was http://luke.campagnola.me/x60tablet/
Feisty v. Gutsy
I have gotten the computer to work well with both Feisty and Gutsy Tribe 4 and 5. If you install Feisty, you will have to upgrade to the 2.6.22 kernel to get all the drivers to work. I would advise using Gutsy, as it makes everything easier to set up (with drivers). The 2.6.23 kernel, once it officially comes out, should *probably* make this laptop an out-of-the-box machine. (the 2.6.23 kernel has plans to include the graphics, sound, and wireless drivers for this machine by default)
These are issues that I have run into and have not resolved yet. None of them are 'show stoppers' in my book. If you have a fix, please add how to resolve the issue on this page (preferrably in the respective how-to section..)
- Screen rotation with 3D acceleration. Both screen rotation (through xrandr) and 3d acceleration work independantly, however a rotated screen crashes when you try to run a 3d application.
- ALSA sound glitch when rotating to tablet mode. For some reason rotating to tablet mode from laptop mode causes the sound to cut out. Sound works otherwise.
- Brightness auto-adjust on Gutsy. Brightness auto adjust cannot determine what level to stay at, and indefinitely adjusts up and down. Pressing the brightness keys fixes this. See launchpad for the official bug Already fixed in Gutsy
- Works in both Feisty and Gutsy
The trickiest part about actually installing Ubuntu on this machine is that there is no CD drive. If you've shelled out the $200 for the UltraBase then you can just pop the CD in that, and proceed normally. I had to install via a pendrive. Instructions on how to do this are at
- On my machine, and with my particular USB drive, I found that it was difficult get power to the USB drive in a normal boot process. I had to enter the BIOS (F1 during power on), configure the USB HDD to be first boot choice, and then enable the POST memory check (extended boot?, I think it was called). Then I had to insert the USB drive during the memory check, and make sure the light on the USB came on in order to get it to boot from the installer. Hopefully most people won't have this problem, but I did, so if you have problems getting the drive to be seen, make sure the USB is getting powered.
The X3100 with an Intel GMA965 runs Compiz Fusion very nicely, once the proper drivers are installed. The 'i810' driver that is installed by default with Feisty does not support the X3100, but there are newer drivers (simply named 'intel') that do support it. Source is available from http://www.intellinuxgraphics.org/. Unfortunately, installing on the stock kernel (2.6.18, if I remember) does not work with these drivers, as agpgart is incorrectly registered. I upgraded to 2.6.22 and the drivers work nicely. Here's the walkthrough...
- Install the new kernel
# gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Add the Gutsy repositories
# deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse # deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy main restricted universe multiverse
Save and exit gedit
Install the new kernel
# apt-get update # apt-get install linux-image-2.6.22-9-generic linux-ubuntu-modules-2.6.22-9-generic linux-backports-modules-2.6.22-9-generic linux-headers-2.6.22-9 linux-headers-2.6.22-9-generic linux-restricted-modules-2.6.22-9-generic
Reboot. Make sure to select the new kernel in GRUB when you turn on the computer.
Install the graphics card drivers from the repositories
# sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-video-intel xserver-xorg libgl1-mesa-dri libgl1-mesa-glx libglu1-mesa mesa-utils
Let X11 know to use the Intel drivers
# gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "Device" Identifier "Generic Video Card" Driver "vesa" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection
Section "Device" Identifier "Generic Video Card" Driver "intel" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection
3d acceleration works out of the box, but I had to compile compiz fusion and awm from source to get them to work. If I find time, I'll make a deb for both....
Solving the Weird Resolution Problems
- Applies to both Feisty and Gutsy
When you reboot into the new drivers, it seems that X defaults to the graphics card's 'TV' output instead of the 'LVDS' option as it should. This will cause X to be confused about where the screen edges are, and in general make everything weird. This can be corrected in one of two ways
- Solution 1:
Everytime you log in, enter this command
# xrandr --output TV --off
- Solution 2:
Edit xorg.conf to automatically correct this problem. Note that this will cause xrandr (which you may want to use for screen rotation) to fail when you try to use it.
add this to the device section
Option "monitor-TV" "TVOutput" Option "CacheLines" "32768" Option "TripleBuffer" "true" Option "DRI" "true" Option "PageFlip" "true"
add this at the bottom
Section "Monitor" Identifier "TVOutput" Option "Disable" "true" EndSection
save and exit, restart X
Installing compiz fusion
Basically, I followed the instructions at http://fosswire.com/2007/07/11/how-to-compiz-fusion-on-ubuntu-704-feisty-fawn/
The line about adding the GPG keys is malformed, copying and pasting won't work. Use this command
# gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 81836EBF # gpg --export --armor 81836EBF | sudo apt-key add -
I had to compile from source. This is a kinda long process, and you have to have programming/compiling skills, but it definitely works well if you can do it.
There you go! Now you have a visually gorgeous system running :-D! All the effects run very smoothly for me, I was very pleased with this integrated card's performance... (no stuttering for even complex effects like explode or airplane)
This essential laptop feature will definitely work. The intel ABG card has drivers, guides should abound as to how to install it. (if anyone has time, put how you got it to work here) I purchased the newer AGN card, and this is how I installed the new drivers.
Walkthough for newbies :-)
download these: http://intellinuxwireless.org/mac80211/downloads/mac80211-8.0.2.tgz http://intellinuxwireless.org/iwlwifi/downloads/iwlwifi-4965-ucode-4.44.17.tgz http://intellinuxwireless.org/iwlwifi/downloads/iwlwifi-1.0.0.tgz
prepare the build environment
# sudo mkdir /lib/firmware/$(uname -r) # sudo ln -s /usr/src/linux-headers-$(uname -r) /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/source
# cd mac80211-8.0.2 # sudo make patch_kernel
# cd ../iwlwifi-1.0.0 # make # sudo make install
# cd ../iwlwifi-4965-ucode-4.44.17 # sudo cp iwlwifi-4965.ucode /lib/firmware/$(uname -r)
Finally, Load the modules
sudo modprobe mac80211 sudo modprobe iwl4965
You should have wifi now!
Thanks goes to rye_ of ubuntuforums!
They work pretty well, I've only noticed them being flaky once.
We bought this machine largely for the tablet abilities, and the pen works out of the box! Yay! The side button automatically maps to scrollwheel-pressed-down, but you can remap it to right click if you want. Eraser also works.
We're tablet users and we have special needs! Here are some apps I found these apps indespensible
Jot. When I placed my order for my tablet, Lenovo said I had a full month wait til it arrived. I filled the time writing a handwriting recognition app for Linux. My goal is to allow for full sentence or full word recognition. As of 8/20/2007, its still in alpha testing, but I should have a pretty good release mid-September to early October. Source is available from http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~kdub432/jot/trunk. You need libfakekey0, gtkmm-2.4-dev, libcairomm-1.0-dev installed so the makefile will work...
Onestroke. This program will recognize a single character at a time pretty well. Its written by Michael Levin, and is in pretty usuable condition. Onestroke can be found at http://www.paperaffinity.com/risujin/onestroke.php
Xournal A journal clone, that is great for taking notes. Fully functional, an all-around great app.
#apt-get install xournal
CellWriter is a grid-entry natural handwriting input panel. As you write characters into the cells, your writing is instantly recognized at the character level. When you press Enter on the panel, the input you entered is sent to the currently focused application as if typed on the keyboard.
GoK warning!!! Running GoK on Feisty screwed up some things for me. It may be that I was just too lazy to fix my dependancies, but I was real ticked at how it installed itself when I was running Feisty. Use the default Ubuntu program onboard ('onboard' from a terminal) if you want an onscreen keyboard
Sound does not work out of the box, with Gutsy or Feisty, but the mercurial/cvs alsa drivers do have support. This issue was extremely hard to track down, and requires some advanced knowledge. I will provide a short walkthrough to give some guidance.
Step 1 Setup a fundamental build environment
# sudo apt-get install mercurial build-essential libncurses5-dev python2.5 automake libtool # sudo mkdir /usr/src/alsa # cd /usr/src/alsa
(This was taken just from memory, if you get errors about something not being installed, just install whatever it complains about...)
Next, get latest alsa drivers
# sudo hg clone http://hg.alsa-project.org/alsa-driver alsa-driver # sudo hg clone http://hg.alsa-project.org/alsa-kernel alsa-kernel # sudo hg clone http://hg.alsa-project.org/alsa-lib alsa-lib # sudo hg clone http://hg.alsa-project.org/alsa-utils alsa-utils
# cd alsa-driver # sudo ./cvscompile --with-cards=all --with-card-options=all (Nota Bene, this makes all the drivers. do more research if you just want the intel ones ;-D) # sudo make install # cd ../alsa-lib # sudo ./cvscompile # sudo make install # cd ../alsa-utils # sudo ./cvscompile # sudo make install
Phew, that was tough. Its not over yet though, you've gotta edit some configuration files
sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base
and add this to the bottom,
options snd-hda-intel model=thinkpad
Save, exit and reboot.
THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT! IT TOOK ME 5+ HOURS TO FIGURE THIS OUT ON MY OWN!
YOU MUST HAVE BIOS SET TO FACTORY INSTALL (for the most part)
Certain BIOS options seem to break these drivers! I'm not sure which, but the factory settings work fine.
On next login, you should have sound. If you don't, make sure nothing is muted in alsaconf/alsamixer. Also, make sure your login name is in the 'audio' or 'users' groups.
Alright, you have sound now! Yay!
Both headphones and speakers work, theres a switch on a tab in the gnome panel audio adjustment properties that turns either on/off
Note! It has been brought to my attention that an ubuntu developer has compiled packages for these drivers. I have not tested these yet and cannot ensure that they will work, although there are people on this site who have reported sucess using these packages https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+bug/122560
For what it's worth, I installed Ubuntu 7.10 on my new X61 tablet and sound worked (almost) out of the box. The bugs I see are that the built-in volume control buttons are mapped to the microphone channel instead of the speaker channel, and there's an issue with XMMS not being able to share the sound channel with Firefox (though maybe that's a wider issue than the X61tablet). If you're running Gnome, the volume control buttons can be mapped to the speakers by going to System > Preferences > Sound and selecting PCM in the Default Mixer Tracks.
Keyboard and Buttons
You should have no trouble with getting the main 105 keys to work.
Some of the Fn buttons work, some don't. I'm still wading through ways to get these to work, but they're not super-high on my priority list. If you find ways, feel free to post :-)....
Screen Buttons. The D-pad will work, but by default maps to weird values. Add
setkeycodes 6f 108 setkeycodes 71 103 setkeycodes 6e 105 setkeycodes 6d 106
to /etc/rc.local to make the D-pad work like your keyboard arrow keys. The middle button is 'Enter'
The other buttons also work. I have not mapped them to anything specific yet, but in a real terminal (no X environment), you can use the showkey command and setkeycodes to map the other 4 buttons to whatever you want. More instructions on this will follow once I decide what I want to use these 4 buttons for
Suspend and Hibernate
The default Ubuntu suspend and resume cycle causes a kernel panic. I got my computer to flawlessly suspend and resume by installing pm-utils
sudo apt-get install pm-utils
then you can suspend using the command
sudo pm-suspend --quirk-s3-bios --quirk-s3-mode
I'm content with suspend working, but if anyone figures out hibernate, let me know :-D
Works for Gutsy (please confirm for Feisty): In order to make the quirk settings the default for your machine, apply the following patch:
--- /usr/share/hal/fdi/information/10freedesktop/20-video-quirk-pm-lenovo.fdi.orig 2007-10-08 13:35:45.000000000 +0200 +++ /usr/share/hal/fdi/information/10freedesktop/20-video-quirk-pm-lenovo.fdi 2008-01-20 11:16:58.000000000 +0100 @@ -2,6 +2,11 @@ <deviceinfo version="0.2"> <device> <match key="system.hardware.vendor" string="LENOVO"> + <!-- X61t 7767 96U--> + <match key="system.hardware.product" prefix="776796U"> + <merge key="power_management.quirk.s3_bios" type="bool">true</merge> + <merge key="power_management.quirk.s3_mode" type="bool">true</merge> + </match> <!-- X60 / X60s --> <match key="system.hardware.product" prefix="1702"> <merge key="power_management.quirk.s3_bios" type="bool">true</merge>
Make sure you adjust the prefix="776796U" to match your particular model, using the output from the following command:
lshal |grep system.hardware.product
You have to reboot your machine to make the changes permanent (restarting hal should actually be sufficient, but was not on my system). After that, gnome should be able to suspend/resume your system without crashing the machine or leaving the video backlight off. The only issue left on my system is that NetworkManager hangs after a resume, but that is easily solved by creating the following script in /etc/pm/sleep.d/01NetworkManagerRestart and making it executable by 'sudo chmod +x /etc/pm/sleep.d/01NetworkManagerRestart':
#!/bin/bash case $1 in hibernate) ;; suspend) ;; thaw) ;; resume) /bin/sh -c 'sleep 3;modprobe -r ipw3945;modprobe ipw3945;' & ;; *) echo "somebody is calling me totally wrong." ;; esac
Other x61 install guides on the web
- http://bayleshanks.com/tips-computer-lenovoX61t-gnuLinuxSetup (feel free to integrate the content on that page into this wiki -- Bayle)