Debian netinstall-usb for x200s
This tutorial explains how to create an usb-stick with the debian netinstaller on it.
If you have a model containing the "Intel WiFi Link 5100" network card, then a standard Debian Lenny net install works fine and is entirely straightforward. However if you have the "Intel WiFi Link 5300" network card then the 2.6.26.x kernel used will not recognise it so you have to do extra work to get a later kernel used for the install.
The x200s is an amd64 machine, so that is the natural architecture to install. However you may choose to install the i386 architecture instead for better compatibility with proprietary plugins (if you use such things), which sometimes aren't available in amd64 format.
Partition and format the stick
foo:~# fdisk -l
to look which device name your stick has. I will use /dev/sdb in this tutorial. Use fdisk oder cfdisk to create a partition of at least 200MB and format it in FAT16 like this:
foo:~# mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/sdb1
Don't forget to make the partition bootable. What looks like this if you use fdisk
foo:~# fdisk /dev/sdb Command (m for help): a Partition number (1-4): 1 Command (m for help): w The partition table has been altered!
You need the syslinux packet to do this
foo:~# aptitude install syslinux
foo:~# dd if=/usr/lib/syslinux/mbr.bin of=/dev/sdb 404 bytes (404 B) copied, 0.0275888 s, 14.6 kB/s
Get and copy Files
You will need following files:
For standard install (5100 card)
For updated-kernel install (5300 card)
as you can see i use the i368 architecture, download the appropriate files if you want to use amd64 instead. Sadly there is no guarantee that the daily-image you pick will work properly - some will, some won't.
and here is a self compiled vanilla 188.8.131.52 kernel:
unzip the vmlinuz.bz2-file:
foo:~# bunzip2 vmlinuz.bz2
If you don't trust me compile your own kernel ^^ Get the sources from kernel.org, untar them, cd into the kernel-source-directory and execute make (assuming you have a machine of the same architecture as the x200s handy), easy huh?
mount the usb stick
foo:~# mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt/usb
then create a directory named syslinux on it
foo:~# mkdir /mnt/usb/syslinux
copy all three files into the directory
foo:~# cp vmlinuz initrd.gz debian-testing-i386-netinst.iso /mnt/usb/syslinux
Now create a file named syslinux.cfg
foo:~# vim /mnt/usb/syslinux/syslinux.cfg
and paste following two lines into it
default vmlinuz append initrd=initrd.gz ramdisk_size=12000 root=/dev/ram rw
unmount the usb-stick
foo:~# cd && umount /mnt/usb
and install the syslinux boot loader
foo:~# syslinux -d /syslinux /dev/sdb1
Press F12 during boot to select the usb-stick as boot device.
It is not possible to install the 2.6.27.x kernel with the debian installer but you can copy the kernel from the usb-device afterwards ^^